The pressure of London's housing need and the impact of its growth is being felt in those authorities making up what we call, the London Belt. The London Belt is formed of 47 Local Planning Authorities, which all share pressing housing needs, a connection to London in terms of its residents commuting to London, and one common constraint to significant growth - they contain Green Belt.
This report identifies the position of authorities within the London Belt, many of which are juggling out-of-date development plans, increased housing need, duty to cooperate pressures and potentially face the difficult decision of Green Belt release. It also looks at each authorities’ political context, and whether they have Community Infrastructure Levy and Neighbourhood Plans in progress.
The London Belt study area comprises all Local Planning Authorities surrounding London that have an element of the London Green Belt within their administrative area.
This report is intended to give a high-level overview of the position of the 47 Local Planning Authorities (LPA) within the London Belt, focusing on the production of Local Plans, review of the Green Belt and stated housing supply and need.
Other strategic considerations have also been identified, such as the presence of Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, the Thames Basin Heath Special Protection Area and infrastructure such as Crossrail and HS2.
We have also provided a status update on where the authorities are at with the adoption of their Local Plans. This is critical as the Government has highlighted that in cases where no Local Plan has been produced by early 2017, the Government will intervene to arrange for the Plan to be written.